Race and Outcomes in Patients with Congenital Cardiac Disease in an Enhanced Recovery Program

This article was originally published here

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2022 Apr 20:S1053-0770(22)00267-1. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2022.04.008. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: Disparities in perioperative outcomes exist. In addition to patient and socioeconomic factors, racial disparities in outcome measures may be related to issues at the provider and institutional levels. Recognizing a potential role of standardized care in mitigating provider bias, this study aims to compare the perioperative sedation and pain management and consequent outcomes in Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) cardiac patients of different races undergoing congenital heart surgery at a single quaternary children’s hospital.

DESIGN: A retrospective study.

SETTING: A single quaternary pediatric hospital.

PARTICIPANTS: Patients, infants to adults, undergoing elective congenital cardiac surgery and enrolled in the ERAS protocol from October 2018 to December 2020.


MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of the patients, 872 were reviewed and 606 with race information were analyzed. There was no significant difference in intraoperative and postoperative oral morphine equivalent, perioperative sedatives, and regional blockade in Asian or African American patients when compared to White patients. Postoperative pain scores and outcomes among African American and Asian races were also not statistically different when compared to White patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Racial disparity in perioperative management and outcomes in patients with standardized ERAS protocols does not exist at the authors’ institution. Future comparative studies of ERAS noncardiac patients may provide additional information on the role of standardization in reducing implicit bias.

PMID:35577651 | DOI:10.1053/j.jvca.2022.04.008