Geographic disparities in head and neck cancer survival in Upstate New York 2011-2019

This article was originally published here

Head Neck. 2021 Nov 29. doi: 10.1002/hed.26945. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To examine the association between distance to care-center and urban-rural residence on 5-year overall survival (OS) from head and neck cancer (HNC).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five-year OS was retrospectively measured from date of initial diagnosis for patients with HNC treated at a single tertiary care center. Distances were calculated based on ZIP code of patient’s residence and care center. Multilevel Weibull regression was used to adjust for confounders and identify disparities in 5-year all-cause mortality.

RESULTS: A total of 670 patients included in study. Multivariable analysis revealed older age or late-stage cancer at diagnosis, and HPV negative status were associated with poorer OS. Patients residing in isolated small rural town (HR = 2.20, p = 0.015) or small rural town (HR = 2.07, p = 0.015) had lower OS. Distance to care center was not associated with OS (HR = 0.996, p = 0.11).

CONCLUSIONS: Greater rurality was associated with poorer OS among HNC patients in Upstate New York.

PMID:34845771 | DOI:10.1002/hed.26945