Gender Diversity and Impact on Work and Life Expectancy in Health Care. Results of a Survey Conducted in the Tuscany Region

This article was originally published here

Ig Sanita Pubbl. 2021 May-Jun;77(3):502-508.


The percentage of female doctors employed in the health sector is constantly increasing both in Europe and in Italy with repercussions on organizational and socio-family models, currently not conceived in terms of equal opportunities, career and quality of life. The published studies have mainly taken into consideration economic and career disparities, (1) however, to date no study combined with surveys has highlighted criteria for evaluating the quality of work through the direct and sincere experience of workers. This reflection gave rise to the idea of a survey organized by the ANAAO Medical Women Group with the patronage of the Tuscan Medical Orders Federation organized on a homogeneous sample, i.e. female doctors from a single Region, Tuscany, in order to evaluate and new approaches in the management of human resources that take into account the delicate balance between the real possibilities available to the doctor and the complexities of experiential work that arise over the course of a lifetime. Empirical evidence deriving from specific investigations conducted at trade union and ordinistic level still document the existence of a gender gap between male and female doctors with respect to the reference parameters of quality work, such as the economic and ergonomic dimension, in relation to the physical and psychological aspects of people.