Gender and racial/ethnic differences in food selectivity in children with intellectual disabilities

This article was originally published here

J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. 2021 May 16. doi: 10.1111/jar.12895. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We examined differences in food selectivity by gender and parent race/ethnicity in children with intellectual disabilities.

METHOD: A convenience sample of 56 children with intellectual disabilities was analysed. A modified Youth/Adolescent Food Frequency Questionnaire and a 3-day food record were used to measure child food refusal rate and food repertoire, respectively.

RESULTS: Boys were about twice as likely to refuse total foods (rate ratio = 2.34, 95%CI = 1.34-4.09) and fruits (rate ratio = 2.03, 95%CI = 1.04-3.95) and 54% more likely to refuse vegetables (rate ratio = 1.54, 95%CI = 0.93-2.54). Children with Hispanic parents were twice as likely to refuse vegetables compared to children with non-Hispanic White parents (rate ratio = 2.00, 95%CI = 1.03-3.90). In analyses stratified by the presence or absence of co-occurring probable autism spectrum disorder, boys had greater food selectivity than girls.

CONCLUSIONS: This study expands our understanding of food selectivity in children with intellectual disabilities.

PMID:33998122 | DOI:10.1111/jar.12895