This article was originally published here
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs. 2021 May 14. doi: 10.1111/wvn.12505. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Latinx immigrants have high rates of type 2 diabetes (T2D), exhibit out-of-range glycemic control, and have higher rates of diabetes-related complications than non-Latinx whites, with limited English proficiency (LEP) being a major barrier to care.
AIMS: We tested the feasibility and acceptability of a language concordant (provider that is proficient in the patient’s preferred language) health coaching intervention delivered by nurse and nurse practitioner students in a pilot study of Latinx immigrants with T2D and LEP.
METHODS: A sample of 17 Latinx immigrants with T2D and LEP were split into intervention and control groups. The control group received basic diabetes care and written educational materials on diabetes self-management in Spanish. Individuals in the intervention group received the standard diabetes care offered by the clinic and six biweekly health coaching sessions (intervention) with a trained language concordant health coach.
RESULTS: The language concordant health coaching intervention was both feasible (delivery) and acceptable (satisfactory) to Latinx immigrants with T2D and LEP and resulted in clinically meaningful differences in key diabetes-related outcomes.
LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: Our findings suggest that lack of language concordance between provider and patient has an important and meaningful impact on the ability of an LEP Latinx patient to receive, and perhaps act upon, adequate education for T2D management. Receiving biweekly coaching calls could have offered further emotional support for participants to discuss living with T2D, which may have helped to alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety that individuals with T2D frequently endure.