Disparity analysis and prognostic value of pretreatment whole blood Epstein-Barr virus DNA load and EBER status in lymphomas: A retrospective multicenter study in Huaihai Lymphoma Working Group

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Int J Cancer. 2021 Sep 14. doi: 10.1002/ijc.33802. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Elevated Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA load is common in lymphomas. However, it remains unclear whether the disparity in viral load and its prognostic value in lymphomas are correlated with EBER status. In this retrospective multicenter study, we collected the data of pretreatment whole blood EBV DNA (pre-EBV DNA) and EBER status and evaluated their disparity and prognostic values in lymphomas. A total of 454 lymphoma patients from December 2014 to August 2020 were retrospectively retrieved. Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Bonferroni’s adjustment were used to explore the disparity of EBV DNA and EBER status in lymphomas. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic analysis and MaxStat analysis were used to determine optimal cut-off points of pre-EBV DNA load. Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were established for the estimation of prognostic factors. The positive rate of EBV-DNA in NKTL patients was higher than that in DLBCL, FL, and HL patients, and the median positive pre-EBV copy number of NKTL was also higher than that of FL and DLBCL. EBV-DNA could clearly distinguish the prognosis of DLBCL, NKTL, HL and PTCL, and the integration of EBER status and EBV DNA could differentiate the prognosis of HL patients. Multivariable results revealed that pre-EBV DNA load had an effect on the prognosis of NKTL, FL and DLBCL. The status of pre-EBV DNA and EBER were disparate. Whole blood pre-EBV DNA predicted the prognosis of lymphomas, and the combination of EBV and EBER status could differentiate the prognosis of HL. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID:34520566 | DOI:10.1002/ijc.33802