Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of speckle-type POZ protein in cancers: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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Cancer Cell Int. 2021 Nov 27;21(1):626. doi: 10.1186/s12935-021-02329-5.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Controversial findings have been reported in the impact of speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP) on clinicopathological features and prognosis in diverse cancers. We conducted this meta-analysis to confirm whether SPOP was an effective biomarker to predict clinical stage, cancer differentiation and survival.

METHODS: We searched studies published before June 2021 through Medline, Embase, the Cochrane library register of controlled trials and Wanfang databases. The corrections of SPOP expression with expression disparity, tumor differentiation, clinical stage and survival were analyzed.

RESULTS: Our meta-analysis found that higher expression of SPOP was significantly associated with earlier clinical stage, well differentiation and better overall survival. Subgroup analysis showed that the SPOP expression of adjacent tissue was significantly higher than that in cancer tissues of prostate and liver. However, renal cancer presented improved expression of SPOP in cancer tissue.

CONCLUSIONS: SPOP has the potential function to act as a novel and effective biomarker for cancer diagnosis and prognostic stratification.

PMID:34838022 | DOI:10.1186/s12935-021-02329-5