Cigarette use and binge drinking among Korean adolescents: examining the moderating role of multicultural status

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J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2021 Sep 14:1-18. doi: 10.1080/15332640.2021.1975595. Online ahead of print.


Cigarette is usually used conjointly with alcohol however its impact may vary with how much alcohol is being consumed. Besides the general use of alcohol, this study specifically focused on identifying the association between cigarette use and binge drinking of Korean adolescents. Furthermore, it aims to testify whether the multicultural status plays a moderating role in this relationship, and to discover other problem behavior theory constructs that may be associated with binge drinking of the Korean adolescents. Using the nationally representative data from the 2018 Korea Youth Health Risk Survey, 60,040 students were selected to perform chi-square, t-test, and hierarchical multiple regression. There was a strong association between cigarette use and binge drinking, and multicultural status had the moderating effect in this relationship. More specifically, adolescents from the multicultural families had higher levels of cigarette use and binge drinking than the non-multicultural adolescents. Besides these main findings, covariates such as suicidal ideation, sexual intercourse, e-cigarette use, and harmful experiences from the alcohol use of others were found to be the additional significant factors of Korean adolescents’ binge drinking. Based on these findings, author suggests for the combined interventions for alcohol and tobacco, and raise awareness on the possible health disparities that could occur between multicultural families and non-multicultural families in South Korea.

PMID:34520337 | DOI:10.1080/15332640.2021.1975595