A Spatial Assessment of Prostate Cancer Mortality-to-Incidence Ratios Among South Carolina Veterans: 1999 – 2015

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Ann Epidemiol. 2021 Apr 6:S1047-2797(21)00054-5. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.03.010. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess veteran-specific prostate cancer (PrCA) mortality-to-incidence ratios (MIR) in South Carolina’s (SC) veteran population.

METHODS: U.S. Veterans Health Administration electronic medical records from January 1999 to December 2015 identified 3,073 PrCA patients residing in 345 ZIP code tabulation areas (ZCTA) within SC. MIRs were calculated for all SC ZCTAs and by key patient- and neighborhood-level risk factors for PrCA. Comparisons between ZCTAs identified as part of a spatial cluster were compared with non-significant ZCTAs using t-tests.

RESULTS: The MIR was 0.17 overall, ranging from a low of 0.15 among Black men to 0.20 among White men. Among metropolitan ZCTAs, the MIR was 0.18 compared to 0.16 in non-metropolitan ZCTAs. Two clusters of higher-than-expected MIRs were found in the Upstate region.

CONCLUSIONS: Identification of spatial clusters of higher- or lower-than-expected MIRs allows for further testing of possible explanatory factors, and the capacity to target resources and policies according to greatest need.

PMID:33836289 | DOI:10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.03.010