Imaging of Pulmonary Superinfections and Co-Infections in COVID-19

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Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 2021 Nov 11:S0363-0188(21)00162-6. doi: 10.1067/j.cpradiol.2021.09.009. Online ahead of print.


New challenges in imaging and management of COVID-19 pneumonia emerge as the pandemic continues across the globe. These arise not only due to the COVID-19 pneumonia but also related to various superinfections and co-infections. Limited use of bronchoscopic and other aerosol generating procedures to obtain representative lower respiratory samples from these patient groups for accurate identification of organism, increases the responsibility of radiologists in suggesting the most likely cause of secondary infection. Imaging features of many of these infections overlap with features of COVID-19 pneumonia. In this review, we highlight imaging findings that can aid in the diagnosis of superinfections and co-infections in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia, and also help in predicting the likely causative organism.

PMID:34903396 | DOI:10.1067/j.cpradiol.2021.09.009