High-intensity focused ultrasound for locally prostate cancer: An Afro-Caribbean single-center study

ABSTRACT

Introduction: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has proved to be effective in the treatment of localized prostate cancer. The aim of this prospective study is to assess their first oncological and functional results in an Afro-Caribbean population.

Methods: From May 2018 to January 2020, 77 patients issued from French West Indies were included. Several treatments were carried out: whole-gland treatment hemi or focal ablation; in a primary setting (group I) or a salvage therapy (group II). PSA level was assessed at 2, 6, 9 and 12 months. MpMRI and post HIFU biopsy were performed between 6 and 9 months postoperatively. Continence, urinary end erectile functions were assessed by ICS, IPSS and IIEF scores.

Results: Groupe I included 71.2% patients, group II, 28.8%. The median age was 75.4 years [IQR 69.6-79.4]. The median follow-up was 8.3 months [IQR 3.5-12.25]. At inclusion, PSA was 7.7ng/ml [IQR 5.5-11.2] in group I, and 5.9ng/ml [IQR 4.4-7.9] in group II. In the whole population, there was 73.5% negative biopsies; 14.7% of the biopsies were positive in treated zone and 11.8% in non-treated zone. Regarding morbidities, urinary incontinence appeared in 7.5% and erectile dysfunction rate was 13.2%.

Conclusion: Our study reveals the first experience of HIFU by Focal One® device in an Afro-Caribbean population. It seems to be a safe and reproducible treatment with acceptable oncological results and low genitourinary morbidity. Long term follow-up and a higher number of patients are necessary to validate these results.