The tumor-stroma ratio is an independent predictor of survival in patients with 2018 FIGO stage IIIC squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix following primary radical surgery

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the value of the tumor-stroma ratio (TSR) while identifying prognostic factors in patients with 2018International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IIIC squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix following primary radical surgery.

METHODS:

Three hundred eighty-four patients with node-positive squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix (2018 FIGO stage IIIC) who underwent radical surgery between January 2005 and December 2016 were included in this retrospective study. The TSRs were assessed on hematoxylin and eosin-stained tumor slides and classified as stroma-low (<50% stroma) or stroma-high (≥50% stroma).

RESULTS:

Sixty-seven patients were categorized as stroma-high; they had shorter disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) periods than did their stroma-low counterparts. On multivariate analysis, a tumor size ≥4 cm, ≥3 metastatic lymph nodes, and stroma-high status were independent predictors of shorter DFS and OS. These factors were incorporated into a prognostic scoring system in which patients were categorized into low- (score 0), intermediate- (score 1), and high-risk (scores 2-3) groups. The scoring system differentiated DFS and OS well (C-index = 0.65, 95% confidence interval, 0.59-0.72; and C-index = 0.65, 95% confidence interval, 0.59-0.72, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

The TSR is an independent prognostic factor, and our prognostic scoring system that incorporates this parameter exhibits good discriminative ability for both recurrence and survival in patients with 2018 FIGO stage IIIC cervical cancer after radicalsurgery. The TSR is a potentially novel clinicopathological variable for predicting the prognoses of these patients contingent on the validation of our findings.