The Prognostic Value of Immunoscore in Patients With Cancer: A Pooled Analysis of 10,328 Patients

Objectives: Over the past decade, some publications have reported that Immunoscore was associated with the prognosis of several cancers. To better understand this issue, we conducted this pooled analysis.

Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library from their inceptions to 15 May 2019 to identify relevant articles. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was estimated for overall survival, disease-free survival, and disease-specific survival.

Results: A total of 26 cohort studies with 10,328 patients involving eight cancer specialties were evaluated mainly by the consensus Immunoscore. The pooled analysis indicated that a lower Immunoscore was associated with a poor overall survival (HR 2.23, 95% CI 1.58, 2.70), disease-free survival (HR 2.40, 95% CI 1.96, 2.49), and disease-specific survival (HR 2.81, 95% CI 2.10, 3.77) for all cancers. The same convincing results were found in colorectal cancer, gastric cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer (especially the consensus Immunoscore for colon cancer). In five other types of cancer the results were similar, but the sample sizes were limited.

Conclusions: These findings support that Immunoscore is significantly associated with the prognosis of patients with cancer. It provides a reliable estimate of the risk of recurrence in patients with colon cancer. However, more high-quality studies are necessary to assess the prognostic value of Immunoscore in non-colon cancers.

Keywords: Immunoscore; cancer; pooled analysis; prognosis.