Randomized Phase III Study of Ganetespib, a Heat Shock Protein 90 Inhibitor, With Docetaxel Versus Docetaxel in Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (GALAXY-2)

PURPOSE:

Ganetespib, a highly potent heat shock protein 90 inhibitor, blocks multiple oncogenic pathways, resulting in antitumor activity. We evaluated the combination of ganetespib and docetaxel for second-line therapy of patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of the lung.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In this international phase III trial, patients with stage IIIB or IV adenocarcinoma diagnosed > 6 months before study entry and 1 prior systemic therapy were randomly assigned (1:1) to ganetespib 150 mg/m2 on days 1 and 15 with docetaxel 75 mg/m2 on day 1 of a 21-day cycle or to docetaxel alone. The primary end point was overall survival (OS).

RESULTS:

Of 677 enrolled patients, 335 were randomly assigned to ganetespib and docetaxel and 337 were assigned to docetaxel. The trial was stopped early as a result of futility at a planned interim analysis. The median OS time was 10.9 months (95% CI, 9.0 to 12.3 months) in the ganetespib and docetaxel arm compared with 10.5 months (95% CI, 8.6 to 12.2 months) in docetaxel arm (hazard ratio [HR], 1.11; 95% CI, 0.899 to 1.372; P = .329). Median progression-free survival was 4.2 months in the ganetespib and docetaxel arm and 4.3 months in the docetaxel arm (HR, 1.16; 95% CI, 0.96 to 1.403; P = .119). The addition of ganetespib did not improve outcomes compared with docetaxel alone for any secondary end point, including survival in the elevated lactate dehydrogenase or EGFR and ALK wild-type populations. The most common grade 3 or 4 adverse event in both arms was neutropenia (30.9% with ganetespib and docetaxel v 25% with docetaxel).

CONCLUSION:

The addition of ganetespib to docetaxel did not result in improved survival for salvage therapy of patients with advanced-stage lung adenocarcinoma.

 2019 Dec 12:JCO1900816. doi: 10.1200/JCO.19.00816. [Epub ahead of print]