Pre-Diagnostic Allostatic Load Predicts Poorly Differentiated and Larger Breast Tumors among Black Women: Findings from the Women’s Circle of Health Follow-Up Study

BACKGROUND:

Few studies have empirically tested the association of allostatic load (AL) with breast cancer clinicopathology. The aim of this study was to examine the association of AL, measured using relevant biomarkers recorded in medical records before breastcancer diagnosis, with unfavorable tumor clinicopathologic features among Black women.

METHODS:

In a sample of 409 Black women with non-metastatic breast cancer, who are enrolled in the Women’s Circle of HealthFollow-Up Study (WCHFS), we estimated pre-diagnostic AL using two measures: AL measure 1 (lipid profile-based – assessed by systolic and diastolic blood pressure [SBP, DBP], high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, total cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose levels, waist circumference, and use of diabetes, hypertension, or hypercholesterolemia medication) and AL measure 2 (inflammatory index-based – assessed by SBP, DBP, glucose and albumin levels, estimated glomerular filtration rate, body mass index, waist circumference, and use of medications described above). We used Cohen’s kappa statistic to assess agreement between the two AL measures and multivariable logistic models to assess the associations of interest.

RESULTS:

AL measures 1 and 2 moderately agreed (κ=0.504). Higher pre-diagnostic AL predicted higher grade (poorly differentiated vs. well/moderately differentiated) using AL measure 1 (OR=2.16; 95% CI: 1.18, 3.94) and AL measure 2 (OR=1.60; 95% CI: 1.02, 2.51), and larger tumor size (≥2 cm vs. <2 cm; OR=1.58; 95% CI: 1.01, 2.46) using AL measure 2 only.

CONCLUSIONS:

Elevated pre-diagnostic AL might contribute to more unfavorable breast cancer clinicopathology.

IMPACT:

Addressing elevated pre-diagnostic levels of AL has potentially important clinical implications.