Ibrutinib monotherapy for relapse or refractory primary CNS lymphoma and primary vitreoretinal lymphoma: Final analysis of the phase II ‘proof-of-concept’ iLOC study by the Lymphoma study association (LYSA) and the French oculo-cerebral lymphoma (LOC) network

BACKGROUND:

Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) are mainly diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) of the non-germinal centre B-cell subtype, with unmet medical needs. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of ibrutinib in DLBCL-PCNSL PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, multicentre, phase II study involved patients with relapse or refractory(R/R) DLBCL-PCNSL or primary vitreoretinal lymphoma. The treatment consisted of ibrutinib (560 mg/day) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurred. The primary outcome was the disease control (DC) rate after two months of treatment (P0 < 10%; P1 > 30%).

RESULTS: 

Fifty-two patients were recruited. Forty-four patients were evaluable for response. After 2 months of treatment, the DC was 70% in evaluable patients and 62% in the intent-to-treat analysis, including 10 complete responses (19%), 17 partial responses (33%) and 5 stable diseases (10%). With a median follow-up of 25.7 months (range, 0.7-30.5), the median progression-free and overall survivals were 4.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI]; 2.8-12.7) and 19.2 months (95% CI; 7.2-NR), respectively. Thirteen patients received ibrutinib for more than 12 months. Two patients experienced pulmonary aspergillosis with a favourable (n = 1) or fatal outcome (n = 1). Ibrutinib was detectable in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The clinical response to ibrutinib seemed independent of the gene mutations in the BCR pathway.

CONCLUSION: 

Ibrutinib showed clinical activity in the brain, the CSF and the intraocular compartment and was tolerated in R/R PCNSL. The addition of ibrutinib to standard methotrexate-base induction chemotherapy will be further evaluated in the first-line treatment.