Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) are mainly diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) of the non-germinal centre B-cell subtype, with unmet medical needs. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of ibrutinib in DLBCL-PCNSL PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, multicentre, phase II study involved patients with relapse or refractory(R/R) DLBCL-PCNSL or primary vitreoretinal lymphoma. The treatment consisted of ibrutinib (560 mg/day) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurred. The primary outcome was the disease control (DC) rate after two months of treatment (P0 < 10%; P1 > 30%).
Fifty-two patients were recruited. Forty-four patients were evaluable for response. After 2 months of treatment, the DC was 70% in evaluable patients and 62% in the intent-to-treat analysis, including 10 complete responses (19%), 17 partial responses (33%) and 5 stable diseases (10%). With a median follow-up of 25.7 months (range, 0.7-30.5), the median progression-free and overall survivals were 4.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI]; 2.8-12.7) and 19.2 months (95% CI; 7.2-NR), respectively. Thirteen patients received ibrutinib for more than 12 months. Two patients experienced pulmonary aspergillosis with a favourable (n = 1) or fatal outcome (n = 1). Ibrutinib was detectable in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The clinical response to ibrutinib seemed independent of the gene mutations in the BCR pathway.
Ibrutinib showed clinical activity in the brain, the CSF and the intraocular compartment and was tolerated in R/R PCNSL. The addition of ibrutinib to standard methotrexate-base induction chemotherapy will be further evaluated in the first-line treatment.