Health-related quality of life in locally advanced cervical cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy followed by radical surgery: A single-institutional retrospective study from a prospective database

OBJECTIVE: 

To evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) patients treated with neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT) or radiation (RT) alone followed by radical surgery (RS).

METHODS: 

In a single-center retrospective study from a prospective database, 275 FIGO Stage IB2-IIIB patients who underwent CCRT/RT + RS were included. HRQOL was prospectively assessed by EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-CX24 prior to any treatment (baseline) and 6 months after surgery, respectively.

RESULTS: 

A statistically significant and clinically relevant improvement in physical functioning (P < 0.001) and role functioning (P = 0.002, P = 0.031) was observed in patients receiving either CCRT+RS or RT + RS at follow-up. In addition, quality of life (QoL), physical functioning, and social functioning were better in the RT + RS group than the CCRT+RS group after treatment (P = 0.028, P = 0.010, P = 0.014). Symptom scores of fatigue decreased in both groups over time (P < 0.001, P = 0.004) while insomnia decreased only in the RT + RS group (P = 0.042). Worsened menopausal symptoms were documented in both groups at follow-up (P = 0.001, P = 0.047), while lymphedema was deteriorated only in patients receiving CCRT + RS (P < 0.001). Sexuality scores did not differ between groups or over time with the exception of sexual worry, which was deteriorated in patients receiving RT + RS (P = 0.042).

CONCLUSIONS: 

QLQ-C30 functioning and tumor-related symptoms scores improved while lymphedema and menopausal symptoms worsened 6 months after neoadjuvant CCRT or RT alone followed by RS in LACC patients. Patients treated with RT + RS had a generally better HRQOL compared with those receiving CCRT+RS, though further validation with prospective randomized clinical trials is warranted.