Geriatric 8 Screening of Frailty in Patients With Prostate Cancer

Objectives: To evaluate the association between the score of the Geriatric 8 screening tool and treatment by disease stages in patients with prostate cancer.

Methods: Between January 2017 and June 2019, we prospectively evaluated the Geriatric 8 in 540 prostate cancer patients who were treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, radiotherapy, androgen deprivation therapy alone and standard of care for metastatic hormone-naïve prostate cancer or castration-resistant prostate cancer. The primary purpose was the association between frailty (Geriatric 8 ≤14) and robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, radiotherapy, androgen deprivation therapy alone, and metastatic diseases. Secondary purposes included a comparison of the Geriatric 8 scores among the disease status and the influence of Geriatric 8 score on overall survival.

Results: The median age was 75 years. Geriatric 8 scores ≤14 were seen in 36% of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (n = 78/214), 57% of radiotherapy (n = 119/209), 91% of androgen deprivation therapy alone (n = 19/21) and 70% of metastatic diseases (n = 67/96). The median Geriatric 8 score in patients treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, radiotherapy, androgen deprivation therapy alone and metastatic diseases was 15.0, 14.0, 12.0 and 12.8, respectively. The median Geriatric 8 score was significantly higher in the metastatic disease than that in localized disease (14.5 vs 12.8, respectively). Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy patients had a significantly higher Geriatric 8 score than radiotherapy patients, with the cut-off value of <14.5. The overall survival was significantly different between Geriatric 8 scores ≤13 and >13 in metastatic hormone-naïve prostate cancer patients, and between Geriatric 8 scores ≤12 and >12 in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients.

Conclusion: The Geriatric 8 score is significantly associated with treatment by disease stages in patients with prostate cancer.

Keywords: Geriatric 8; frailty; geriatric screening; prognosis; prostate cancer.