CCAT2 contributes to progression and treatment resistance of thyroid carcinoma

Objective: The aim of this study is to uncover the correlations of the expression of colon cancer associated transcript 2 (CCAT2) in the clinical papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) specimens with the prognosis and chemoresistance of patients.

Patients and methods: The expression level of CCAT2 in the PTC and ATC specimens was determined using Real-Time quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR), and the correlations of CCAT2 expression with the clinical features of patients were detected via χ2 test. Besides, survival analysis was conducted to verify the relation between CCAT2 expression and patients’ survival. After knockdown or overexpression of CCAT2, the changes in the proliferation ability of human thyroid carcinoma cells were examined via Cell Counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, and the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of doxorubicin and cisplatin were measured by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay.

Results: According to the χ2-test results, the expression of CCAT2 was notably correlated with the capsular invasion and lymph node metastasis of PTC, and the capsular invasion, tumor size, and lymph node metastasis of ATC. It was discovered through the survival analysis that the expression of CCAT2 was notably associated with the poor prognosis of ATC patients. After knockdown of CCAT2, both the proliferation ability and the IC50 values of doxorubicin and cisplatin substantially declined in human thyroid carcinoma cells. The opposite conditions were found after CCAT2 was overexpressed in human thyroid carcinoma cells.

Conclusions: CCAT2 potentiates the proliferation ability and chemoresistance of cells, promotes the progression of thyroid carcinoma, and hinders the prognosis of ATC.