Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) is a form of analogical reasoning in which the solution for a (new) query case is determined using a database of previous known cases with their solutions. Cases similar to the query are retrieved from the database, and then their solutions are adapted to the query. In medicine, a case usually corresponds to a patient and the problem consists of classifying the patient in a class of diagnostic or therapy. Compared to “black box” algorithms such as deep learning, the responses of CBR systems can be justified easily using the similar cases as examples. However, this possibility is often under-exploited and the explanations provided by most CBR systems are limited to the display of the similar cases.
1/3 This infographic, FDA approvals for artificial intelligence-based algorithms in medicine, was designed and created by The Medical Futurist to give a clear picture about the state of A.I. in medicine and healthcare with an emphasis on FDA regulations. #digitalhealth pic.twitter.com/v68SO02dHl— Berci Meskó, MD, PhD (@Berci) June 4, 2019