Emotional burden and care of adults with type 1 diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazilian regions

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J Diabetes Complications. 2021 Sep 28:108053. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2021.108053. Online ahead of print.


AIMS: This study investigated the emotional burden in persons with type 1 diabetes (PWT1D) during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazilian regions and evaluated which COVID-19, sociodemographic/clinical characteristics are related to it.

METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, T1D adults completed a web-based survey from May to July 2020. We collected sociodemographic/clinical data, and participants answered COVID-19 related questions. Diabetes burnout was evaluated by Diabetes burnout scale. Type 1 Diabetes scale assessed Diabetes Distress and PHQ-8 measured depressive symptoms.

RESULTS: DD and DS levels were similar in all Brazilian regions. DB was higher in Central-West/North/Northeast. Higher DB was associated with females, lower-income, higher HbA1c, and shorter time since T1D diagnosis. Predictors of experiencing higher levels of DD included: difficulty access to safe places to exercise, participants without a partner, male gender, young age, and higher HbA1c. Higher depressive symptoms were associated with difficulty to access diabetes supplies, and higher HbA1c (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The mean levels of DB, DD, and DS were high in all Brazilian regions. A great number of PWT1D had their diabetes care impaired and relied on family as their main support during the pandemic. The subgroups identified at risk should be prioritized in mental health support.

PMID:34620557 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2021.108053