This article was originally published here
Bull Cancer. 2021 Aug 24:S0007-4551(21)00282-4. doi: 10.1016/j.bulcan.2021.01.026. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: People living with HIV (PLWHIV) are at a higher risk of cancer compared to the general population. With improved cancer treatments and the increased life expectancy of PLWHIV, the incidence of second cancers is also expected to increase.
METHODS: We reviewed the cases of PLWHIV with cancer that have been presented to the CANCERVIH national multidisciplinary board since 2014. We included all cases with a history of cancer, and studied the incidence and types of second cancers.
RESULTS: In total, 719 cases were reviewed, out of which 94 (13%) had a history of at least one cancer. For the first primary cancers, 46 (49%) were AIDS-defining cancers (ADCs) and 48 (51%) were non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADCs). Kaposi sarcoma (33%) and NHL (15%) occurred most frequently as first cancers. Among the first cancers that were ADCs, 15% of the second cancers were NHL, 11% anal canal cancers, 9% bladder and 9% Hodgkin lymphomas. Among the first cancers that were NADCs, 38% of the second cancers were lung cancers, 8% bladder, 8% head and neck and 8% NHL.
DISCUSSION: With the aging of PLWHIV, the incidence of second and subsequent cancers is expected to increase in this population. Immuno-virological control should be maintained. Increased surveillance, early prevention and screening programs should be offered to all PLWHIV, including those with an undetectable HIV viral load and/or immune restoration.