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BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2021 Oct 9;21(1):487. doi: 10.1186/s12872-021-02285-y.
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) may cause cerebral and systemic embolism. An increased D-dimer level indicates hyperactivation of secondary fibrinolysis, resulting in predilection for thrombosis. To clarify the differential effects of anticoagulation therapy, we compared the D-dimer levels in peripheral and left atrial (LA) blood of atrial fibrillation patients scheduled for ablation.
METHODS: We analyzed 141 patients with non-valvular AF (dabigatran, n = 30; apixaban, n = 47; edoxaban, n = 64; mean age: 68 years, male: 60%). Peripheral venous blood and LA blood was collected before pulmonary vein isolation. We examined the laboratory and echocardiographic parameters.
RESULTS: After adjusting for baseline characteristics, D-dimer level in the LA was significantly higher in patients treated with edoxaban than that in those on apixaban (0.77 ± 0.05 vs. 0.60 ± 0.05 μg/mL, P = 0.047), although there were no significant differences in peripheral D-dimer levels. We classified the D-dimer value of the LA into a normal group (< 0.9) and a high value group (≥ 1.0); the peripheral prothrombin fragment F1 + 2 level (odds ratio [OR] 1.012; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.003-1.022; P = 0.008) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (OR, 0.947; 95% CI, 0.910-0.986; P = 0.008) were potential predictors of high LA D-dimer levels.
CONCLUSIONS: In apixaban-treated patients, the D-dimer level in the left atrium was lower than in edoxaban-treated patients on the day of ablation, suggesting that the anticoagulant effect of apixaban on the left atrium is better than that of edoxaban in patients with AF.