COVID-19 and aortic disease: a practical systematic review of the literature on management and outcomes

This article was originally published here

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2021 Sep 28. doi: 10.23736/S0021-9509.21.12049-X. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Since the advent of the 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, vascular specialists have faced dramatic changes in clinical and surgical practice. Although COVID-19 pulmonary signs and symptoms were the most pertinent problems initially, in the long term cardiovascular complications became the most fearsome, with poor outcomes in terms of morbidity and mortality. Algorithms and decision-making procedures have been modified, not only to treat new clinical findings in COVID-19 positive patients, but also to avoid complications related to pulmonary and systemic infections. Additionally, COVID-19 negative patients experienced challenging management, due to hospital crowding, the risk of nosocomial COVID-19 transmission, and pandemic emergencies. In this context, aortic interventions were subject to several difficulties. First, in COVID-19 positive patients, there was the onset of new pathological scenarios including thrombotic manifestations and the subsequent complications. Second, in both COVID-19 negative and positive patients, there was a need to deliver optimal treatment with acceptable perioperative risks, forcing a rethinking of decisionmaking especially in terms of indications for treatments. The aim of this systematic review is to present evidence published on COVID-19 and aortic-related issues, highlighting some challenging aspects regarding management, treatment and outcomes.

PMID:34581554 | DOI:10.23736/S0021-9509.21.12049-X