Comparison Between Erigo Tilt-Table Exercise and Conventional Physiotherapy Exercises in Acute Stroke Patients: A Randomized Trial

BACKGROUND:

Stroke is a common, serious, and disabling health-care problem throughout the world. Although great advances have been made in acute stroke management, the most of post-stroke care to reduce a patient’s dependency relies on rehabilitation.

PURPOSE:

To compare the effectiveness of exercises using an Erigo tilt-table and conventional physiotherapy in the rehabilitation of acute stroke patients.

METHODS:

A total of 110 acute stroke patients (age 51.08 ± 7.48 years, 8.69 ± 4.62 days after stroke) were assigned randomly into two groups, 55 in each for 30 days of conventional physiotherapy (Group A) or Erigo tilt-table (Group B) rehabilitation. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Mini-Mental Scale Examination (MMSE), Modified Ashworth Scale were used to measure muscle tone, quality of life (QOL) and muscle strength (MMT), Affected upper (UE) and lower limb (LE) outcomes were assessed at baseline (day 0), after day 30 of the intervention and on 90th day of follow up. Repeated measures ANOVA followed by a Bonferroni post-hoc test and independent Student’s t-test were used for statistical analysis to evaluate the improvement in outcome variables within and between the groups.

RESULTS:

Both the treatments were effective. Notably, Group B patients showed a significant improvement in both QOL (p < 0.001) and lower limb strength (p = 0.030) at day 90 and muscle tone (p = 0.011) at day 30 compared to Group A.

CONCLUSION:

Both the groups improved with time but the Erigo tilt-table group experienced greater improvement in QOL, NIHSS and muscle strength of the lower limb. Thus, Erigo tilt-table can be used for early rehabilitation of acute hemiplegic patients and improving their quality of life and motor system, resulting in better functional performances.