Cohort profile: an observational longitudinal data collection of health aspects in a cohort of female cancer survivors with a history of pelvic radiotherapy-a population-based cohort in the western region of Sweden

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BMJ Open. 2021 Jul 21;11(7):e049479. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049479.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The study ‘Health among women after pelvic radiotherapy’ was conducted in response to the need for more advanced and longitudinal data concerning long-term radiotherapy-induced late effects and chronic states among female cancer survivors. The objective of this paper is to detail the cohort profile and the study procedure in order to provide a sound basis for future analyses of the study cohort.

PARTICIPANTS: Since 2011, and still currently ongoing, participants have been recruited from a population-based study cohort including all female patients with cancer, over 18 years of age, treated with pelvic radiotherapy with curative intent at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg, in the western region of Sweden, which covers 1.7 million of the Swedish population. The dataset presented here consists of baseline data provided by 605 female cancer survivors and 3-month follow-up data from 260 individuals with gynaecological, rectal or anal cancer, collected over a 6-year period.

FINDINGS TO DATE: Data have been collected from 2011 onwards. To date, three studies have been published using the dataset reporting long-term radiation-induced intestinal syndromes and late adverse effects affecting sexuality, the urinary tract, the lymphatic system and physical activity. These projects include the evaluation of interventions developed by and provided in a nurse-led clinic.

FUTURE PLANS: This large prospective cohort offers the possibility to study health outcomes in female pelvic cancer survivors undergoing a rehabilitation intervention in a nurse-led clinic, and to study associations between demographics, clinical aspects and long-term late effects. Analysis focusing on the effect of the interventions on sexual health aspects, preinterventions and postinterventions, is currently ongoing. The cohort will be expanded to comprise the entire data collection from 2011 to 2020, including baseline data and data from 3-month and 1-year follow-ups after interventions. The data will be used to study conditions and treatment-induced late effects preintervention and postintervention.

PMID:34290070 | DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049479