Clinical Outcomes of BCMA CAR-T Cells in a Multiple Myeloma Patient With Central Nervous System Invasion

Front Oncol. 2022 May 16;12:854448. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.854448. eCollection 2022.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma (MM) is the second most common hematological malignancy that still lacks effective clinical treatments. In particular, MM with central nervous system (CNS) invasion occurs rarely. Although B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-targeted chimeric antigen receptor-T (CAR-T) cell therapy has shown great promise for the treatment of relapsed/refractory MM, few studies have reported whether BCMA CAR-T could inhibit MM with CNS invasion.

CASE PRESENTATION: In this study, we report a special case of a 63-year-old male patient who suffered MM with CNS invasion and presented rapid extramedullary disease (EMD) progression into multiple organs. Before CAR-T cell infusion, this patient received five cycles of bortezomib, Adriamycin, and dexamethasone (PAD) and an autologous transplant as the front-line treatment, followed by two cycles of bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (VRD) as the second-line regimen, and daratumumab, bortezomib, dexamethasone (DVD) as the third-line regimen. Since the patient still showed rapid progressive disease (PD), BCMA CAR-T cells were infused, and 1 month later, a stringent complete response (sCR) was achieved, and the response lasted for 4 months. Meanwhile, only grade 1 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) was observed.

CONCLUSION: This case report demonstrated that BCMA CAR-T could effectively eradicate CNS-involved MM with low adverse events, suggesting that CAR-T cell therapy could be a feasible therapeutic option for this kind of refractory disease.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: https://ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT04537442.a.

PMID:35651792 | PMC:PMC9150173 | DOI:10.3389/fonc.2022.854448