Sirtuins may act in many cellular processes like apoptosis, DNA repair and lipid/glucose metabolism. Experimental studies suggested some sirtuin types may have protective effects against endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis, cardiac hypertrophy and reperfusion injury. Data about sirtuins in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients are scarce.
To investigate temporal changes of serum sirtuin 1,3 and 6 levels in AMI patients; to compare the serum sirtuin 1,3 and 6 levels between AMI patients and control subjects; and to investigate the association of serum sirtuin 1,3 and 6 levels with prognostic markers of AMI.
Forty patients with AMI and 40 patients with normal coronary arteries were included. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), serum proBNP, CRP, sirtuin1, sirtuin 3 and sirtuin 6 levels were processed. Peak troponin T levels, GRACE score, first day / second day sirtuin levels were recorded of AMI patients. A p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Serum sirtuin 1,3 and 6 levels in AMI patients were similar to those in normal coronary patients. No temporal change in serum sirtuin 1,3 and 6 levels were found in AMI course. No correlation was evident between the sirtuin levels and the following parameters: proBNP, CRP, peak troponin and LVEF. Baseline sirtuin 1 and 6 levels were positively correlated with reperfusion duration. Baseline sirtuin 3 levels were negatively correlated with GRACE score.
Serum sirtuin 1,3 and 6 levels in AMI patients were similar to those in normal coronary patients. This study does not represent evidence of the possible protective effects of sirtuin1, 3 and 6 in AMI patients.