Natural Disasters and Acute Myocardial Infarction

Natural disasters are devastating to not only our physical property but also to our health. There have been several studies over the last few decades that have correlated different types of natural disasters with acute myocardial infarctions (AMIs). Since the early 1930’s singular meteorological events have been reported to have some association and effect on cardiovascular (CV) mortality and morbidity. Multiple natural disasters regardless of location have repeatedly reported a significant increase in the incidence of acute coronary syndromes (ACS).

Each event was associated with similar mechanisms, which increase the overall CV mortality. The most prominent of those being neurohormonal activation, total scarcity of supplies and access to health care, poverty, stress, increased incidence of smoking and drug abuse. Increased incidence of associated infections added to the burden of ACS. We know natural disasters are inevitable; however, disaster preparedness is surely a reliable way to help curb their devastating effects on human life. In this manuscript, the authors present many forms of natural disasters and their association with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).