Myocardial Extracellular Volume Fraction Radiomics Analysis for Differentiation of Reversible Versus Irreversible Myocardial Damage and Prediction of Left Ventricular Adverse Remodeling after ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction

Objectives: Our study sought to explore the prognostic value of radiomic TA (texture analysis) on quantitative ECV (extracellular volume) fraction mapping to differentiate between reversible and irreversible myocardial damage and to predict left ventricular adverse remodeling in patients with reperfused STEMI (ST-elevation myocardial infarction).

Methods: This observational prospective cohort study identified 70 patients (62 ± 9 years, 62 men [85.70%]) with STEMI for TA who consecutively performed native and contrast T1 mapping. Texture features were extracted from each stack of ECV mapping based on ROI (region of interest) analysis.

Results: After texture feature selection and dimension reduction, five selected texture features were found to be statistically significant for differentiating the extent of myocardial injury. ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve analysis for the differentiation of unsalvageable infarction and salvageable myocardium demonstrated a significantly higher AUC (area under the curve) (0.91 [95% CI, 0.86-0.96], p < 0.0001) for horizontal fraction than other texture features (p < 0.05). LVAR (left ventricular adverse remodeling) was predicted by those selected features. The differences in qualitative and quantitative baseline parameters and horizontal fractions were significant between the patients with and without LVAR. LGE (late gadolinium enhancement) and horizontal fraction features of infarcted myocardium in acute STEMI were the only two parameters selected in forming the optimal overall multivariable model for LVAR at 6 months.

Conclusions: Radiomic analysis of ECV could discriminate reversible from irreversible myocardial injury after STEMI. LGE as well as radiomics TA (texture analysis) of ECV may provide an alternative to predict LVAR and functional recovery.