Inhibition of microRNA-146a Attenuated heart Failure in Myocardial Infarction Rats

The aim of the study was to determine the roles of microRNA (miR)-146a on myocardial infarction (MI)-induced heart failure and cardiac remodeling. Experiments were carried out in Sprague-Dawley rats treated with ligation of left coronary artery to induce heart failure, and in primary neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) and cardiomyocytes treated with angiotensin (Ang) II. Four weeks after MI, rats were injected with miR-146a antagomiR or agomiR via tail vein. After 2 weeks of injection, the rats were sacrificed. In MI rats, left ventricle (LV) ejection fraction and fractional shortening were reduced, and LV volumes in diastole and systole were increased, which were reversed by miR-146a antagomiR, and further exacerbated after miR-146a agomiR treatment.

Administration of miR-146a antagomiR improved the decreases of LV {plus minus}dp/dtmax and LV systolic pressure (LVSP), and the increase in LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) of MI rats, but miR-146a agomiR deteriorated the LV {plus minus}dp/dt max, LVSP and LVEDP. The increases in the levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), collagen I and collagen III in the heart, and ST2 and norepinephrine in the serum of MI rats were inhibited by miR-146a antagomiR, but aggravated after miR-146a agomiR treatment. The increases of collagen I and collagen III levels induced by Ang II in CFs, and the increases of ANP and BNP levels induced by Ang II in cardiomyocytes were inhibited by miR-146a antagomiR, but aggravated by miR-146a agomiR. These results demonstrated that inhibition miR-146a improved cardiac dysfunction and cardiac remodeling in heart failure rats.