Myocardial infarction (MI) is a type of serious heart attack in which the blood flow to the heart is suddenly interrupted, resulting in injury to the heart muscles due to a lack of oxygen supply. Although clinical diagnosis methods can be used to identify the occurrence of MI, using the changes of molecular markers or characteristic molecules in blood to characterize the early phase and later trend of MI will help us choose a more reasonable treatment plan. Previously, comparative transcriptome studies focused on finding differentially expressed genes between MI patients and healthy people.
However, signature molecules altered in different phases of MI have not been well excavated. We developed a set of computational approaches integrating multiple machine learning algorithms, including Monte Carlo feature selection (MCFS), incremental feature selection (IFS), and support vector machine (SVM), to identify gene expression characteristics on different phases of MI. 134 genes were determined to serve as features for building optimal SVM classifiers to distinguish acute MI and post-MI. Subsequently, functional enrichment analyses followed by protein-protein interaction analysis on 134 genes identified several hub genes (IL1R1, TLR2, and TLR4) associated with progression of MI, which can be used as new diagnostic molecules for MI.