Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Due to Extrinsic Compression of Left Coronary Artery from Pulmonary Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma: A Case Report

RATIONALE:

Acute myocardial infarction is usually caused by coronary atherosclerotic plaque disruption (rupture or erosion), also including other uncommon etiologies. Pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (PEH) is a rare low to intermediate malignant vascular tumor originating from vascular endothelial cells. Here, we report a rare case of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) due to extrinsic compression of left coronary artery from PEH.

PATIENT CONCERNS:

A 63-year-old woman with pulmonary nodules received left pulmonary nodulectomy, and the pathological examination indicated PEH. Five months after the pulmonary nodulectomy, the patient was admitted due to progressive dyspnea.

DIAGNOSIS:

Electrocardiography showed the obvious ST-segment elevation in the leads I, aVL, and V1-3, and laboratory tests revealed the elevated level of cardiac troponin T. Emergent coronary angiography and the contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan conformed STEMI due to extrinsic compression of left coronary artery from PEH.

INTERVENTIONS:

The patient did not undergo further therapy after the pulmonary nodulectomy. During the present hospitalization, she received basic life support and nutritional support treatment.

OUTCOMES:

The patient deteriorated rapidly into multi-organ failure and eventually died.

LESSONS:

Acute STEMI could be caused by extrinsic compression of the coronary artery from the mass effects of PEH, and active therapy and close follow-up should be considered for patients with PEH.