Capturing patient-reported and quality of life outcomes with use of shorter regimens for drug-resistant tuberculosis: mixed-methods substudy protocol, TB PRACTECAL-PRO

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BMJ Open. 2021 Sep 6;11(9):e043954. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-043954.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: People living with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis currently have few options for effective treatment and cure. Regimens that are available are toxic, may involve injections and take up to 2 years to complete treatment, with success rates as low as 50%. The TB-PRACTECAL trial is evaluating shorter, more tolerable regimens of oral drugs; we detail the substudy within this trial, PRACTECAL-PRO, which aims to evaluate patient experiences and perspectives on treatment, to understand outcomes more fully.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We are conducting a mixed-methods evaluation within both investigational and standard of care arms within the TB-PRACTECAL trial, using sequential quality of life (QoL) surveys and in-depth interviews. Data collection involves the Short Form 12 (SF-12) and St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), collected at up to four fixed timepoints, from baseline, to up to 12 months later. Healthy volunteers will be surveyed to establish locally relevant controls. We will also purposively sample participants for qualitative data collection and analysis, to provide rich explanation of QoL scores. The study will be implemented in all six TB-PRACTECAL study sites in Uzbekistan, South Africa and Belarus. QoL surveys will be scored and analysed according to SF-12 and SGRQ developers’ manuals. Differences between scores at baseline and later timepoints will be evaluated as well as graphical exploration of group score trajectories of investigational and standard of care arms.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval was obtained from the Médecins Sans Frontières Ethics Review Board. Local ethics approval has been obtained in Uzbekistan, Belarus and South Africa. Results of the substudy will be shared with local health authorities, the WHO and submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03942354; Pre-results.

PMID:34489263 | DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-043954