Attitudes of at-risk older adults about prevention of cardiovascular disease and dementia using eHealth: a qualitative study in a European context.
BMJ Open. 2020 Aug 06;10(8):e037050
Authors: Akenine U, Barbera M, Beishuizen CR, Fallah Pour M, Guillemont J, Rosenberg A, Coley N, Mangialasche F, Salo L, Savy S, Pols AJ, Andrieu S, Richard E, Soininen H, Moll van Charante E, Kivipelto M, HATICE study group
OBJECTIVES: Prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and dementia is a key health priority among older adults. Understanding individuals’ attitudes to, the prevention of these conditions, particularly when delivered through novel eHealth tools, could help in designing effective prevention programmes. The aim of the study was to explore the attitudes of older adults at increased risk of CVD and dementia regarding engagement in eHealth self-management prevention programmes, and to describe the facilitators and barriers.
DESIGN: A qualitative research approach was used. Data were collected through eight focus groups in Finland, France and the Netherlands. Data were analysed following the principles of grounded theory.
SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four community-dwellers aged 65+ at risk of CVD were recruited from a previous trial cohort in Finland, and through general practices in France and the Netherlands.
RESULTS: The study identified three categories: access to reliable information, trust in the healthcare providers and burden and stigma of dementia. A core category was also identified: the interactive process of the three categories influencing engagement in self-management prevention programme. The categories were interconnected through an interactive process and influenced by the local healthcare culture and context which shaped them differently, becoming either facilitators or barriers to engage in eHealth self-management prevention programmes.
CONCLUSIONS: The study emphasises the importance of considering the interactions between the identified categories in this study, grounded in the local healthcare culture and context in further developments of eHealth self-management interventions that aim to prevent CVD and dementia.
TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN48151589.
PMID: 32764085 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]