Association among sentinel surveillance, meteorological factors, and infectious disease in Gwangju, Korea

This article was originally published here

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Oct 20. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-17085-2. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of new infectious diseases is threatening human survival. Transmission of such diseases is determined by several factors, with climate being a very important factor. This study was conducted to assess the correlation between the occurrence of infectious diseases and climatic factors using data from the Sentinel Surveillance System and meteorological data from Gwangju, Jeollanam-do, Republic of Korea. The climate of Gwangju from June to September is humid, with this city having the highest average temperature, whereas that from December to February is cold and dry. Infection rates of Salmonella (temperature: r = 0.710**; relative humidity: r = 0.669**), E. coli (r = 0.617**; r = 0.626**), rotavirus (r = – 0.408**; r = – 0.618**), norovirus (r = – 0.463**; r = – 0.316**), influenza virus (r = – 0.726**; r = – 0.672**), coronavirus (r = – 0.684**; r = – 0.408**), and coxsackievirus (r = 0.654**; r = 0.548**) have been shown to have a high correlation with seasonal changes, specifically in these meteorological factors. Pathogens showing distinct seasonality in the occurrence of infection were observed, and there was a high correlation with the climate characteristics of Gwangju. In particular, viral diseases show strong seasonality, and further research on this matter is needed. Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, quarantine and prevention have become important to block the spread of infectious diseases. For this purpose, studies that predict infectivity through various types of data related to infection are important.

PMID:34669138 | DOI:10.1007/s11356-021-17085-2