A Randomized Pilot Study of the Effect of Trelagliptin and Alogliptin on Glycemic Variability in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

INTRODUCTION:

This open-label, parallel-group, exploratory study examined the effects of two dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitors on glycemic variability (GV) in patients with type 2 diabetes.

METHODS:

Randomized patients with glycated hemoglobin A1c of at least 6.5% to less than 8.5% received trelagliptin 100 mg (n = 13) once weekly or alogliptin 25 mg (n = 14) once daily for 29 days. Continuous glucose monitoring was performed before the start of the treatment period (baseline) and from day 21 to 29, inclusive. The primary endpoint was change from baseline in the standard deviation (SD) of 24-h blood glucose values, measured daily for 7 days (day 22-28) of the treatment period. Secondary and additional efficacy endpoints included changes in glycemic parameters and the rate of DPP4 inhibition, respectively. Adverse events (AEs) were monitored to assess safety.

RESULTS:

Mean change from baseline in the SD of 24-h blood glucose (95% confidence interval) at day 28 was - 7.35 (- 15.13, 0.44) for trelagliptin and - 11.63 (- 18.67, - 4.59) for alogliptin. In both treatment groups, glycemic parameters improved and the rate of DPP4 inhibition was maintained. Three patients reported AEs; no severe treatment-emergent AEs were reported in either group.

CONCLUSION:

Once-weekly trelagliptin and once-daily alogliptin improved glycemic control and reduced GV without inducing hypoglycemia.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02771093) and JAPIC (JapicCTI-163250).

FUNDING:

Takeda Pharmaceutical Company, Ltd.

 2019 Sep 27. doi: 10.1007/s12325-019-01097-z. [Epub ahead of print]